Conversion Rate Optimization (CRO)

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Conversion Rate Optimization (CRO) is the systematic process of improving the performance of a website, landing page, or marketing campaign to increase the percentage of visitors who take a desired action, known as a conversion. These actions can include making a purchase, filling out a form, signing up for a newsletter, downloading a resource, or any other goal defined by the business. CRO involves analyzing user behavior, identifying barriers to conversion, and implementing strategies to optimize the user experience and drive higher conversion rates.

Conversion Rate Optimization (CRO)

Here's a detailed breakdown of the concept:

  1. Goal Definition: The first step in CRO is defining the specific goals or objectives that the business wants to achieve. These goals can vary depending on the nature of the business and its objectives, such as increasing sales, generating leads, boosting engagement, or improving user experience metrics.
  2. Data Collection and Analysis: CRO involves collecting data on user behavior, interactions, and conversion metrics using web analytics tools such as Google Analytics, heatmaps, session recordings, and user surveys. By analyzing this data, businesses can identify patterns, trends, and areas for improvement in the conversion funnel.
  3. Identifying Conversion Barriers: CRO aims to identify and address barriers or friction points in the user journey that may prevent visitors from completing the desired action. This can include factors such as confusing navigation, slow page load times, intrusive pop-ups, unclear calls-to-action (CTAs), or forms with too many fields.
  4. Hypothesis Generation: Based on data analysis and insights from user behavior, businesses develop hypotheses or educated guesses about changes or optimizations that could improve conversion rates. These hypotheses are informed by best practices, usability principles, and A/B testing experiments.
  5. Testing and Experimentation: CRO involves testing different variations of website elements, such as headlines, images, CTAs, forms, layout, and design, to determine which combinations are most effective at driving conversions. A/B testing, also known as split testing, is a common method used to compare the performance of different variations in real-world conditions.
  6. Iterative Optimization: CRO is an iterative process that involves continually testing, measuring, and optimizing website elements to improve conversion rates over time. By monitoring the results of A/B tests and making data-driven decisions, businesses can iteratively refine their website and marketing strategies to achieve better results.
  7. Multichannel Optimization: In addition to optimizing website conversion rates, CRO may also involve optimizing conversion rates across other marketing channels and touchpoints, such as email marketing campaigns, social media advertising, paid search campaigns, and offline channels. Businesses aim to create a cohesive and seamless user experience across all channels to maximize conversions and customer engagement.
  8. Performance Measurement: CRO involves tracking and measuring key performance indicators (KPIs) related to conversions, such as conversion rate, conversion volume, conversion value, click-through rate (CTR), bounce rate, and average order value (AOV). By monitoring these metrics, businesses can evaluate the effectiveness of their CRO efforts and identify areas for further improvement.

Overall, Conversion Rate Optimization (CRO) is a data-driven approach to improving the performance of websites, landing pages, and marketing campaigns by increasing the percentage of visitors who take a desired action. By analyzing user behavior, identifying conversion barriers, and implementing optimization strategies, businesses can enhance the user experience, drive higher conversion rates, and achieve their business objectives more effectively.


In the field of neuromarketing, Conversion Rate Optimization (CRO) serves several important functions:

  1. Understanding Consumer Behavior at a Neural Level: Neuromarketers use CRO techniques to gain insights into how consumers respond to various elements of a website, landing page, or marketing campaign at a neural level. By analyzing neural responses to different design elements, messaging strategies, and calls-to-action (CTAs), researchers can understand which factors influence consumer decision-making processes and drive conversions.
  2. Optimizing User Experience: CRO in neuromarketing focuses on optimizing the user experience to enhance engagement and drive conversions. By analyzing neural responses to different website elements, such as layout, navigation, visual design, and interactive features, researchers can identify opportunities to improve usability, reduce cognitive load, and increase the likelihood of visitors taking desired actions.
  3. Testing Marketing Strategies: Neuromarketers use CRO techniques to test the effectiveness of various marketing strategies and tactics in influencing consumer behavior at a neural level. By conducting experiments and analyzing neural responses, researchers can assess the impact of different messaging strategies, promotional offers, and persuasive techniques on conversion rates, allowing businesses to refine their marketing strategies and maximize ROI.
  4. Predicting Consumer Responses: CRO helps neuromarketers predict consumer responses to marketing interventions and anticipate market trends. By analyzing neural responses to different marketing stimuli, researchers can identify patterns and trends that indicate which strategies are likely to be most effective in driving conversions, enabling businesses to make more informed decisions about their marketing investments.
  5. Informing Design and Content Decisions: Insights from CRO studies inform design and content decisions in neuromarketing, helping businesses create websites, landing pages, and marketing materials that are more aligned with consumers' neural responses and preferences. By understanding how specific design elements, messaging strategies, and persuasive techniques influence neural activity, businesses can tailor their marketing efforts to better resonate with their target audience and drive conversions.

Overall, Conversion Rate Optimization (CRO) plays a crucial role in neuromarketing by providing insights into how marketing interventions impact consumer behavior and decision-making processes at a neural level. By optimizing the user experience, testing marketing strategies, predicting consumer responses, and informing design decisions, businesses can maximize the effectiveness of their marketing efforts and achieve their conversion goals more effectively.


Here's an example of how Conversion Rate Optimization (CRO) can be applied in neuromarketing:

Imagine a retail website selling clothing that wants to increase online purchases of a new line of products. They partner with a neuromarketing research firm to conduct a CRO study aimed at optimizing the website's checkout process to improve conversion rates.

The study involves analyzing user behavior and neural responses while participants navigate the website and attempt to make a purchase. Researchers use EEG (electroencephalography) to measure participants' brain activity and eye-tracking technology to monitor their gaze patterns and visual attention.

Through data analysis, researchers identify several barriers to conversion in the checkout process, such as a complex form with too many fields, unclear shipping options, and a lack of trust signals. Based on these insights, the research team develops hypotheses for optimizing the checkout experience to reduce friction and increase conversions.

To test these hypotheses, the retail website implements changes to the checkout process, such as simplifying the form, adding trust badges, and providing clear shipping options. A/B testing is conducted to compare the performance of the original checkout process (control group) with the optimized version (experimental group).

The results of the A/B test show that participants in the experimental group, who experience the optimized checkout process, exhibit higher levels of neural engagement and complete the purchase more quickly compared to those in the control group. Additionally, conversion rates increase significantly for the experimental group, indicating that the optimized checkout process is more effective at driving conversions.

Based on these findings, the retail website adopts an optimized checkout process across its platform, leading to a substantial increase in online purchases and revenue. By leveraging insights from CRO studies in neuromarketing, businesses can identify and address barriers to conversion, optimize the user experience, and achieve their marketing objectives more effectively.

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