Brand extensions

Leverage predictive AI to identify your under-performing creative assets and drive ROAS

Get in touch


Brand extensions refer to the strategic marketing practice of leveraging an established brand's equity and reputation to introduce new products or services into different markets or categories. In essence, it involves using the strength of an existing brand to launch related or complementary offerings that may appeal to the same target audience.

The goal of brand extensions is to capitalize on the positive associations, trust, and recognition associated with the parent brand to facilitate the success of new offerings. By leveraging the existing brand equity, companies can potentially reduce the costs and risks associated with introducing entirely new brands into the market. For example, the famous brand Coca-Cola has strategically extended its product line which are now popular worldwide.

Coca-Cola Brand Extension

Brand extensions can take various forms, including:

  1. Product Extensions: Introducing new variations or versions of existing products under the same brand umbrella. For example, a company known for its soft drinks might introduce new flavors or formulations of its beverages.
  2. Line Extensions: Expanding an existing product line by adding new products that are related to the original offering. For instance, a skincare brand might introduce additional products such as moisturizers, serums, or sunscreens within the same skincare range.
  3. Category Extensions: Entering entirely new product categories or markets that are related to the core brand. For example, a sportswear brand might expand into the accessories market by launching products like bags, hats, or sunglasses.
  4. Service Extensions: Offering new services that complement the core offerings of the brand. For instance, a software company might provide consulting services or training programs related to its primary software products.

Brand extensions can offer several benefits for companies, including:

  • Leveraging Existing Brand Equity: By capitalizing on the reputation, trust, and recognition of the parent brand, brand extensions can benefit from a built-in customer base and positive associations.
  • Cost Efficiency: Introducing new products or services under an existing brand can be more cost-effective than developing and promoting entirely new brands from scratch.
  • Risk Mitigation: Brand extensions allow companies to diversify their product portfolios while minimizing the risks associated with launching entirely new brands that may not resonate with consumers.
  • Increased Market Share: Successfully executed brand extensions can help companies capture additional market share within existing or new product categories, leading to revenue growth and competitive advantage.

However, brand extensions also come with potential risks and challenges, including diluting the core brand's equity, confusing consumers, and damaging brand credibility if the new offerings fail to meet customer expectations. Therefore, careful planning, market research, and alignment with the core brand values are essential to ensure the success of brand extensions.


In neuromarketing, the concept of brand extension plays a crucial role in understanding consumer behavior and decision-making processes. Neuromarketers utilize insights from brain science to assess how consumers perceive and respond to brand extensions at a subconscious level. Here are some key functions of brand extension in neuromarketing:

  1. Understanding brand perception: Neuromarketers use brain imaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG) to measure neural activity associated with brand perception. By examining brain responses to brand extensions, researchers can assess whether consumers perceive the new product or market segment as consistent with the parent brand's attributes, values, and identity.
  2. Evaluating emotional associations: Brand extensions evoke emotional responses in consumers, which can influence their attitudes and purchase intentions. Neuromarketing studies aim to identify neural markers of emotional engagement and arousal triggered by brand extensions. By measuring brain activity in regions associated with emotion processing, such as the amygdala and insula, researchers can gauge the emotional impact of brand extensions on consumers' subconscious minds.
  3. Assessing brand equity transfer: Brand extensions rely on the transfer of brand equity from the parent brand to the new offering. Neuromarketing techniques help researchers quantify the extent to which consumers attribute positive associations, trust, and familiarity with the parent brand to the brand extension. By analyzing neural responses to brand stimuli, researchers can determine the strength of brand equity transfer and its impact on consumer perceptions and preferences.
  4. Predicting consumer behavior: Neuromarketers use insights from brain science to predict consumer behavior in response to brand extensions. By correlating neural responses with behavioral outcomes, such as purchase decisions and brand loyalty, researchers can identify neural signatures associated with successful brand extensions. These predictive models enable companies to optimize their brand extension strategies and minimize the risk of failure in the marketplace.

Overall, brand extension serves as a valuable lens through which neuromarketers can gain deeper insights into consumer psychology, emotional processing, and decision-making mechanisms. By leveraging neuroscientific methods, researchers can uncover the underlying neural processes that drive consumer responses to brand extensions, leading to more effective marketing strategies and brand management practices.


Imagine a well-established beverage company known for its high-quality fruit juices. Seeking to expand its product line, the company decides to introduce a new line of fruit-flavored snacks, such as fruit bars and dried fruit packs. Before launching these new products, the company conducts a neuromarketing study to assess consumer responses to the brand extension.

In the study, participants are exposed to various stimuli, including images and descriptions of the original fruit juices and the proposed fruit-flavored snacks. Their neural activity is measured using EEG or fMRI technology to capture subconscious reactions to the brand extension.

During the EEG or fMRI session, researchers analyze participants' brain responses to assess several key aspects of brand extension:

  1. Brand perception: By comparing neural activity elicited by the original fruit juices with that of the new fruit-flavored snacks, researchers can determine whether participants perceive the snacks as consistent with the brand's existing image and reputation. Positive neural responses in regions associated with brand familiarity and trust indicate a successful brand extension.
  2. Emotional associations: Neuromarketers examine neural markers of emotional engagement, such as activity in the amygdala and insula, to evaluate participants' emotional responses to the brand extension. Enhanced neural activity in these regions suggests that the snacks evoke positive emotions similar to those associated with the original fruit juices.
  3. Brand equity transfer: The study assesses the transfer of brand equity from the original fruit juices to the new fruit-flavored snacks. Participants' neural responses to the snacks are compared with their responses to well-established brand cues associated with the juices. Consistent neural patterns across stimuli indicate successful brand equity transfer and the establishment of a strong brand extension.

Based on the neuromarketing data, the beverage company gains valuable insights into consumer perceptions, emotional reactions, and brand equity transfer associated with the brand extension. These insights inform strategic decisions regarding product development, marketing messaging, and brand positioning to maximize the success of the new product line in the market.

Overall, this example demonstrates how neuromarketing techniques can be applied to assess and optimize brand extension strategies, helping companies make informed decisions that resonate with consumers at a subconscious level.

Articles related to 
Brand extensions
Youtube logo and name written on a laptop screen in front of which is a mobile phone screen with YouTube logo and name on it

Why YouTube Advertising Is The Solution To Rising TV Ad Prices

Choose YouTube! Amid rising TV ad prices, its reach, tools, and connected TV flexibility offer cost-effective solutions. Explore YouTube's ad potential now


Subscribe to our monthly newsletter.

Stay ahead of the competition with a monthly summary of our top articles and new scientific research.