In-Stream Ads

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In-Stream Ads, also known as pre-roll, mid-roll, or post-roll ads, are a type of video advertisement that plays within a streaming video, such as those on platforms like YouTube or Hulu. These ads are typically inserted into the beginning, middle, or end of a video that users have chosen to watch. They are designed to engage viewers and can be highly effective in capturing attention due to their placement within the content that the viewer is already interested in. Here's an in-depth definition of what In-Stream Ads are, including their types, characteristics, and benefits:

Types of In-Stream Ads

  1. Pre-Roll Ads:
    • These ads play at the beginning of a video before the main content starts. They are often used to create awareness and are commonly 15 to 30 seconds long. Some pre-roll ads allow viewers to skip the ad after a few seconds, while others require full viewing.
  2. Mid-Roll Ads:
    • Mid-roll ads are inserted into the middle of a video, often at a natural break point or after a specific duration of content. These ads can be more engaging because they occur when viewers are already invested in the content. Mid-roll ads are typically 10 to 30 seconds long.
  3. Post-Roll Ads:
    • These ads play at the end of a video after the main content has concluded. Post-roll ads are less intrusive and are typically used to promote additional content or drive action, such as subscribing or following a brand.
Types of In-Stream Ads: Pre-roll, Mid-roll and Post-roll Ads

Characteristics of In-Stream Ads

  1. Placement and Timing:
    • In-Stream Ads are strategically placed within streaming video content. The timing and placement are critical factors in determining their effectiveness and viewer acceptance.
  2. Skippable and Non-Skippable:
    • Some In-Stream Ads are skippable, allowing viewers to skip the ad after a few seconds, while others are non-skippable, requiring the viewer to watch the entire ad. The choice between skippable and non-skippable ads depends on the advertiser's goals and platform policies.
  3. Engagement and Interaction:
    • In-Stream Ads are designed to engage viewers, often featuring interactive elements like clickable links, call-to-action (CTA) buttons, and overlays. These interactive features encourage viewers to take specific actions, such as visiting a website or making a purchase.
  4. Video Quality and Production:
    • Because In-Stream Ads are embedded within streaming video content, they require high-quality production to maintain viewer engagement and align with the platform's standards.

Benefits of In-Stream Ads

  1. High Visibility:
    • In-Stream Ads are highly visible due to their placement within popular streaming content. This visibility can lead to greater brand awareness and engagement.
  2. Audience Targeting:
    • Platforms like YouTube offer advanced audience targeting, allowing advertisers to show In-Stream Ads to specific demographics, interests, and behaviors. This targeting increases the relevance of the ads and improves their effectiveness.
  3. Flexibility in Ad Length:
    • In-Stream Ads offer flexibility in terms of ad length, allowing advertisers to choose between short and long formats. This flexibility helps advertisers tailor their ads to specific campaign goals and viewer preferences.
  4. Increased Engagement and Conversion:
    • Due to their placement within streaming content, In-Stream Ads often have higher engagement rates compared to other ad formats. This increased engagement can lead to higher conversion rates and better return on investment (ROI).
  5. Analytics and Insights:
    • Platforms that support In-Stream Ads provide robust analytics and insights, allowing advertisers to track performance metrics such as views, click-through rates, and conversion rates. This data enables advertisers to optimize their campaigns for better results.


In-Stream Ads are a type of video advertisement that plays within streaming video content, offering high visibility, advanced targeting, flexibility in ad length, and increased engagement. They can be pre-roll, mid-roll, or post-roll, and can be skippable or non-skippable. In-Stream Ads are a popular advertising format due to their ability to capture attention and drive specific actions, making them a valuable tool for marketers seeking to reach and engage their target audience.


In-Stream Ads, being video advertisements that play within streaming video content, have several significant functions in the context of neuromarketing. Neuromarketing combines insights from neuroscience and psychology to understand how consumers react to marketing stimuli at both conscious and subconscious levels. In-Stream Ads, due to their placement within content that viewers are already watching, provide unique opportunities for engaging viewers and driving specific actions. Here are the functions of In-Stream Ads in neuromarketing:

1. Capturing Attention:

In-Stream Ads are designed to capture viewers' attention, leveraging the fact that they are integrated into video content that users are already interested in. Neuromarketing studies often examine how these ads affect viewers' attention spans, brain activity, and focus, helping marketers design ads that are more likely to engage audiences.

2. Eliciting Emotional Responses:

Neuromarketing research shows that emotional engagement is crucial for creating memorable advertising experiences. In-Stream Ads, by utilizing storytelling, music, and visuals, can evoke strong emotional responses. Neuromarketers study which elements within these ads trigger the desired emotional reactions, leading to better audience engagement and brand recall.

3. Enhancing Brand Recall and Recognition:

In-Stream Ads are embedded in content that viewers are actively consuming, making them an effective medium for brand exposure. In neuromarketing, researchers analyze how these ads contribute to memory encoding and recall, helping advertisers understand how to design ads that are more likely to be remembered by viewers.

4. Optimizing Ad Placement and Frequency:

Neuromarketing emphasizes the importance of optimal ad placement and exposure frequency. In-Stream Ads can be placed as pre-roll, mid-roll, or post-roll, each with unique implications for viewer engagement and experience. Neuromarketers use insights from brain activity and behavioral studies to determine the ideal placement and frequency that maximizes engagement without causing ad fatigue.

5. Encouraging Behavioral Responses:

In-Stream Ads often include call-to-action (CTA) elements, such as clickable links or overlays, that prompt viewers to take specific actions. Neuromarketing explores how these CTAs can be designed to encourage behavioral responses, like visiting a website, subscribing to a channel, or making a purchase.

6. Measuring and Analyzing Viewer Engagement:

Platforms that support In-Stream Ads provide detailed analytics, allowing neuromarketers to measure viewer engagement, such as watch time, click-through rates, and conversion rates. These metrics are used to understand how viewers interact with In-Stream Ads and to optimize future ad campaigns based on data-driven insights.


In summary, In-Stream Ads serve several important functions in neuromarketing, focusing on capturing attention, eliciting emotional responses, enhancing brand recall, optimizing ad placement and frequency, encouraging behavioral responses, and providing data for measuring viewer engagement. By integrating these ads within content that viewers are already watching, marketers can create more engaging and impactful advertising experiences. Neuromarketing helps advertisers understand the underlying neurological and psychological factors that drive these interactions, leading to more effective ad campaigns and improved marketing outcomes.


Here's an example of how you might use the term "In-Stream Ads":

"Our marketing team recently launched a video advertising campaign on YouTube, focusing on In-Stream Ads to promote our new line of fitness equipment. We chose In-Stream Ads because they integrate seamlessly into the video content that our target audience is already watching, providing a highly visible and engaging platform for our ads.

We created a series of 15-second and 30-second pre-roll In-Stream Ads, featuring dynamic visuals and energetic music to capture viewers' attention. Our goal was to convey the benefits of our products quickly and compellingly, knowing that we only had a few seconds to engage the audience before they could skip the ad.

To enhance the effectiveness of our In-Stream Ads, we added interactive elements like call-to-action buttons and clickable links that directed viewers to our website for more information. This strategy was designed to encourage immediate engagement and drive traffic to our online store.

During the campaign, we used YouTube Analytics to track the performance of our In-Stream Ads, focusing on metrics such as views, click-through rates, and audience retention. By analyzing this data, we gained valuable insights into which ads were most effective and at what points viewers were likely to skip. This allowed us to optimize our ad content and placement for better results.

Overall, our use of In-Stream Ads proved to be highly successful. We saw an increase in brand awareness, higher engagement rates, and a significant boost in website traffic. By strategically integrating our ads into popular video content, we were able to reach a wider audience and achieve our marketing objectives."

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